Creative Commons No-Derivatives Licenses
Creative Commons No-Derivatives (by-nd-*) violate principle 3., “Reuse”, as they do not allow works, in part or in whole, to be re-used in derivative works.
Creative Commons licenses with the Noderivs stipulation include: * Attribution-NoDerivs (by-nd) * Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (by-nc-nd)
Creative Commons NonCommercial
Creative Commons NonCommercial licenses (by-nc-*) do not support the Open Knowledge Definition principle 8., “No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor”, as they exclude usage in commercial activities.
Creative Commons licenses with the non-commercial stipulation include: * Attribution-Noncommercial (by-nc) * Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (by-nc-sa) * Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (by-nc-nd)
Project Gutenberg License
Used on Gutenberg’s ebooks of public domain texts. It is non-open because it restricts commercial use. Note that the license only applies if you continue to use the Gutenberg name – if you remove the licensing information and any reference to Project Gutenberg then the resulting text is open.
Creative Commons Developing Nations License
The license has been discontinued. Creative Commons developing nations license does not support principle “7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups”.
Open Publication License
Discontinued in favour of Creative Commons. In late 2004 the site was overhauled and turned into a portal to open academic content. In August 2007, David Wiley, the author of opencontent lauched the draft Open Education License.
License is not conformant if either options A or B are added to the main body of the license. Option A prohibits ‘substantive modification’ and option B prohibits commercial use of printed copies.
UK PSI (Public Sector Information) Click-Use Licence
Formerly used for a variety of material produced by UK central and local government.
Ancillary information from the Office of Public Sector Information can be found at:
Was also known as the core licence. Below we provide an excerpted version that includes the relevant sections.
This license is not open. A probably incomplete list of clauses that make it so:
6. How the Material may be reproduced
Does not grant permission to make any adaptation — only translations “by a competent translator” and conversion to formats for the vision impaired. Not conformant with OKD #3.
Nearly every point in the Obligations section is problematic. Some are odd for a public license (which this tries not to be), so I’ll just note the problematic ones that have been discussed recently regarding UK OGL — may-not-imply-endorsement and do-not-mislead:
9.6 not use the Material for the principal purpose of advertising
or promoting a particular product or service, or in a way which could imply that it is endorsed by a Department or a Public Sector Organisation;
9.7 not use the Material in any way that is likely to mislead others;
Of course the first part of 9.6 is also non-conformant with OKD#8.